Visas, also known as temporary residency cards, are documents issued to foreigners who wish to live and work in Vietnam. So, when do you need a visa and when do you require a temporary residence permit, and how can you tell the difference?

Both a Vietnam visa and a temporary residency card, according to immigration law, are documents granted by immigration officials for a specific term of temporary stay, allowing applicants to live or work in Vietnam during that time.

What’s the difference between a visa and a temporary residency permit in Vietnam?
Visa and temporary residency card maximum duration:

A visa is a document that is valid for a maximum of 12 months and allows for one or more entries and exits; after the visa has expired, you must leave Vietnam. If you want to stay in Vietnam longer, you can apply for a visa extension before your current visa expires.
A temporary residence card is a document that is valid for up to 5 years, which is longer than a visa. Foreigners with a temporary residence card are allowed to enter and exit the country as many times as they need for work, saving time and money. You must leave Vietnam when your temporary residence permit expires. You can apply for an extension or a new temporary residence card if you want to stay in Vietnam longer.

Eligibility for visas and temporary residency cards: Almost all foreigners entering Vietnam for legal reasons will be granted a visa, the length of which will be determined by the purpose and other factors. Tourist visas, business visas, family visit visas, investment visas, and so forth.
The following people are eligible for a temporary residence card:

Permanently residing work permit employees and journalists in Vietnam are issued a temporary residence card with a certain time restriction.
International organizations and foreign NGOs’ representative offices and project leaders in Vietnam; representatives of representative offices, branches of foreign traders, representative offices of economic organizations; spouses and children under the age of 18 of foreigners who have obtained visas. Symbols LV1, LV2, and DT receive a temporary residence card with a three-year validity period.
Foreign diplomats, consuls, UN international organizations’ representative offices, and intergovernmental organization’s representative offices in Vietnam, as well as their spouses, children under the age of 18, and accompanying maids, are awarded a temporary residency permit with a symbol. National Assembly, Government, Vietnam Fatherland Front Central Committee, Supreme People’s Court, Supreme People’s Procuratorate, National Audit Office, ministries, ministries, government agencies; provincial, municipal, people’s assemblies, People’s committees, municipalities directly under the Central Government; foreigners working in social and political organizations, social and political organizations;
Visa/Temporary Resident Card Benefits:
Foreigners with visas are only allowed to stay in Vietnam for a certain amount of time. The temporary residence card also has additional benefits, such as unlimited travel in Vietnam, no need to waste time applying for multiple visas (except in areas where foreigners are prohibited from entering or special areas where permission must be obtained from the reception agency), and simplified entry procedures in Vietnam…

The foregoing is the most basic information on obtaining a visa and obtaining a temporary residence permit in Vietnam. I hope that you will gain a better grasp of Vietnamese immigration regulations as a result of this post.